Setting up a limited company will mean more administration and more paperwork than if you are a sole trader but there are many advantages to being a limited company, not least eliminating and personal financial liability.
When a sole trading business fails then the owner is personally responsible for any debt, which can have a negative effect on your credit rating and ability to obtain personal loans in the future. You could risk becoming personally bankrupt if the debts are too high for your to pay off.
If you set your business up as a limited company you are protected from this risk.
What are the Benefits :
Whilst running a limited company does have its fair share of responsibility, and the administrative responsibilities are certainly greater than other ways of working, there are many advantages too.
- Limited liability – In simple terms, if you run a Limited Company you are protected should things go wrong. Assuming all rules have been followed, as a director you will not be personally liable for any financial losses made by the company.
- Separate entity – A Limited Company is a legal entity in its own right. This means that everything from the company bank account, to the ownership of assets relates to the business. They are totally separate from the interest of the directors and shareholders.
- Tax – As a director and shareholder of a limited company you could elect to take the majority of your income in the form of dividends, which enables you to manage your own tax liability and potentially save on National Insurance costs.
- Perception – If you plan to do business with larger companies, it can help if you are working via a Limited Company as it gives off a more professional image. In some industries, it may even be a mandatory requirement as they will not deal with sole traders or partnerships.
- Protection – As well as the limited liability protection mentioned above, once you have successfully registered your company, your company name is protected by law. Companies House has very stringent rules for the naming of companies so no one else can use the same name as you, or anything deemed too similar.
- Ownership and succession – As the sole shareholder in your business, you own the business. However, a Limited Company can easily transfer ownership of shares, or existing shareholders can sell a stake in the company to other parties at any time. If for example a shareholder wishes to retire, or bring a new director on board, it is far easier to transfer ownership, or part ownership, of a Limited Company than it is with a less formal business structure.
- Take home pay – It’s safe to say that this is the area where you can really reap the rewards of running your own Limited Company. The only person you need to pay as a Limited Company is yourself – combined with the tax efficiencies on offer, this means you can keep anything from 81 to 86 percent.
Accounts must be prepared each year but most small companies are not required to have them audited so the process is relatively simple, especially now that the process can be done online.
A yearly audit is a key safeguard for your money and a planning tool for the year ahead. Think of it as a “year in review” for your finances.
The primary benefit of an annual audit under PCAOB standards is the confidence it gives you and your members that the PTO’s financial house is in order. Basically, the audit verifies the numbers, ensures accuracy, and assesses procedures. A comprehensive audit also identifies internal controls that should be implemented to improve the integrity of your financial systems. Furthermore, the audit gives closure to the treasurer and sets a starting point for the new year’s activity. An audit is also the primary tool for uncovering financial mismanagement. Hopefully you won’t need to conduct an audit for this reason, but an annual audit can uncover problems before they become significantly more serious. Your PTO might also choose to include in your audit a review of how closely your group’s income and expenditures matched the year’s budget. This type of review can be a strong planning tool.
The audit is not within the jurisdiction of the PCAOB. This seems like a strange request. Perhaps the client is a clearing agency or futures commission merchant registered with the Commodity Futures Trading Commission, which requires that entities registered with it have an audit performed in accordance with PCAOB standards. Maybe the client has entered into a contractual agreement that requires an audit conducted under PCAOB standards. Or maybe, for whatever reason, the client just wants an audit conducted under PCAOB standards.
The PCAOB determines which audits are within its jurisdiction, including audits of the financial statements of issuers and nonissuer brokers and dealers registered with the SEC. A regulator (other than the PCAOB) requiring that the audit be conducted in accordance with PCAOB standards does not make the audit fall within the jurisdiction of the PCAOB. Therefore, even though the regulator— for example, the CFTC— requires an audit to be conducted in accordance with PCAOB standards, that audit is required to also be conducted in accordance with GAAS.
The Auditor’s Report
The report from the auditor will mark the completion of the review. If you are using volunteers, you should clearly itemize what you expect back, so your auditors know when they have completed their job.
Ensure that your auditor has returned the files you provided, and file the original report in the PTOs permanent archives. At the first meeting of the new school year, you should present the auditors report and move that it be adopted. According to Robert’s Rules of Order, once the annual report of the auditor is adopted, it is no longer necessary to move to adopt each month’s treasurer’s report. The reports are presented and then simply filed for next year’s audit.
Related Things you should Know before Registering a Company in India
Subsidiary company is any company whose interests are held and controlled or held by another company. Paid up equity share capital and preference share capital of the subsidiary company can be used to determine the holding company, subsidiary company relationship between two companies.
What is a Subsidiary Company?
There’s often a lot of confusion regarding the position of the subsidiary company and what it does. A subsidiary company is a company that is either owned or owned in part by another company. The company that owns the subsidiary is known as a parent company or a holding company. It should be noted that a holding company does slightly differ from a parent company, though.
What is WOS (Wholly Owned Subsidiary)
When one company is 100% owned by another company, it is called Wholly Owned Subsidiary of the company who had made 100% investment in it.
How To Set Up a Subsidiary
To setup one of these companies, you only need a sole director. The requirement for a company secretary was waived some years ago. The only restriction is that the sole director cannot then act as the company secretary. When you register as a sole director, you will enter both your residential address and a service address. Only the service address will appear in the public records.
The key here is that in the various documentation you submit regarding shareholders you will have both an individual director and another company as a shareholder. You are prohibited from having an entire company owned by another company.
Once you submit the documents, you will have a decision within 24 hours from Companies House.
Opening up a subsidiary isn’t a decision that you should take lightly. It isn’t always necessary and it may be better to simply open a different company from scratch. You have to make this decision by yourself. And it may be better to employ a professional agent to help with the opening of your subsidiary.
Know more about how to register company in India
The digital space has grown rapidly in the past few years and is expected to grow substantially in next few years too. The biggest beneficiaries of this rapid growth in the digital space are companies earning through digital ads like Google,Facebook,Twitter,LinkedIn etc.
Moreover, these companies are located outside India, and hence they are not even subject to any taxes in India. These new business models have created new tax challenges by challenging the current manner of levy of tax which are based on the presence based on permanent establishment rules..
The ‘Google Tax’ or ‘Facebook Tax’ which was first announced in the FY17 budget statement by Finance Minister Arun Jaitley will be levied from June 1. Here’s all you need to know about it — what Google Tax is, who will pay it, and its implications —
As the name suggests, it’s got something to do with e-commerce companies.
The Google Tax was announced to introduce a tax on the income as accrue to a foreign e-commerce company outside of India. Google Tax or ‘equalisation levy’ as it’s called in India, is expected to impact the bottomlines of giants like Google, Facebook, and others.
Why has the tax been introduced?
The tax has been aimed at technology companies that make money via online advertisements. Their revenue is mostly routed to a tax haven country. This tax will help bring the said companies under the tax radar in India. With this new tax, India has also joined the list of other Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) and European countries where a similar tax is already in place.
The government has earned Rs.100 crore in revenue on account of the equalisation levy so far. Companies like Facebook, Yahoo, Twitter and Google earn significant revenues from India from local advertisers. A committee set up by the Central Board of Direct Taxes to examine indirect taxation in India of e-commerce had recommended an equalisation levy of 6-8 per cent on 13 broad services based on the OECD’s Base Erosion and Profit Shifting guidelines.
Business owners in need of reliable accounting services should ensure to hire accomplished accountants. It is quite easy to obtain bookkeeping services because there are practicing individuals as well as companies. The work demands in your accounting department will determine the kind of professional to be hired. When looking for reliable bookkeeping services Coral Springs FL accountants are obtainable online
At Reliable Bookkeeping Services, we look for long term relationships. Bookkeeping is not the most exciting task and bookkeepers also like excitement and once internal bookkeeper learns all about your business, they stop learning and that leads to boredom and resignation. Other factor that may influence them to move on is a better opportunity or less appreciation by business owner.
At Reliable Bookkeeping Services, we will never leave our clients alone, as we believe in building business relationships for longer term. We have been serving clients in different industries, we always stay enthusiastic and excited about new challenges and domains we will be working on for them. And we promise you will never be disappointed.
An accountant is useful in doing your taxes and giving advice on financial strategies, bookkeepers are more concern with the daily operational costs and the bills your business incurs. That is, bookkeepers are more concern with your payrolls, invoices, utility bills, and other immediate financial concerns that needs your attention whereas accountants are more concerned with your business’ overall financial health.
Having a clear picture of your finances is one of the most crucial steps in running a business, no matter how small you might deem it to be. Hiring a bookkeeper can save your from a potential heartbreak of losing the fruits of all your hard work simply because you tried to do everything on your own.
Value Added Tax or VAT is a mandatory requirement for all kinds of business. Proprietorships, partnerships, private limited companies, manufacturing firms and even traders of any kind of products need VAT registration. VAT is similar to Central Service Tax (CST) and Taxpayer Identification Number (TIN). They use the same 11 digit number.
What is VAT?
VAT is an indirect tax levied on goods and services when they are sold to the ultimate customer. VAT is paid by the producers to the government. The producers then collect the tax amount from the consumer, by adding it to the price.
A registered business may also apply for the Input Tax Credit (ITC) and apply it on future sales. This will relieve the company of paying VAT themselves. With ITC registration, the VAT amount is added to the retail invoice and the customer makes the payment.
When is VAT Registration Compulsory?
Businesses with an annual turnover of more than Rs.5 lakhs (in some states it is Rs.10 lakhs), must acquire a registered VAT id. The VAT rates vary from state to state, business categories and the type of goods delivered. The amount of VAT charged is controlled by the state governments. This is why it varies from place to place.
The tax is based on value addition to manufactured goods. VAT id owners having an annual turnover of Rs. 50 lakhs are entitle to the Composition Scheme. Under this scheme the business must pay only a small percentage of tax on its gross turnover. However, it requires the said business to compromise its ITC agreement and forgo its benefit.
Acquiring a VAT id
To obtain a VAT id you need to go through the process of VAT id registration. The procedure involves 6 basic steps.
Step – 1 Locate Central Tax Office
Identify the Central Tax Office within the city your business is based. The tax office should house the VAT registration department as well.
Step – 2 Obtain Registration Form
Request for a VAT id registration form from the VAT office.
Step – 3 Attach Valid Documents
Fill out the application form with the correct details and attach the following documents to it:
– Central Sales Tax registration certificate (Form A)
– Professional Tax registration certificate
– Proof of address and ID of the proprietor, partner or director
– Four passport size photographs of the proprietor, partner or director
– Bank account number and PAN card number of the proprietor, partner or director
– Documents stating the details of your business activities
– In case of a partnership, a copy of the Partnership deed
– Incase of a private limited company, a copy of the memorandum of association and articles of association
– A copy of the rental agreement of the business
Step – 4 Verification
At this step, the local VAT authorities will inspect your business premises at a time scheduled by them.
Step – 5 Collect Registration Certificate
The last step after verification and fee payment requires you to collect the Taxpayer Identification Number (TIN) provided immediately. The VAT registration certificate will be issued either the next day or within a week via post.
Why is VAT Registration Important?
VAT is a primary tax that adds to the nation’s revenue and economy. As a result it is a mandatory tax for all business establishments. The registration process is very easy. The fees are fixed and the verification process is simple. (Company registration in India)
Releated : How to Register a Company in India