Tag Archives: Tax Consultancy Services in India

Tax-Return

Efiling of Income Tax Return

What is a income tax return ?

It is a prescribed form through which the particulars of income earned by a person through various sources(like salary, business, professional fees, interest, capital gains, etc.) in a financial year and taxes paid on such income is communicated to the Income tax department after the end of the Financial year, called as income tax return or ITR. It is like your report card in school but instead of  marks you have income and taxes.  It is the constitutional obligation of every person earning income to compute his income and pay taxes correctly. Different forms are prescribed for filing of returns for different Status and Nature of income .

 

What is efiling ?

Efiling or electronic filing is submitting your income tax returns online. There are two ways to file your income tax returns. The traditional way is the offline way where you go the Income Tax Department’s office to physically file your returns. The other way is when you efile through the internet. Over the past few years, efiling has become popular because it is easier, doesn’t require prints of documents and can be done for free.

 

What are advantages of e-Filing?

  • Anywhere, Anytime files, 24 x7 x 365 service.
  • Easy, fast,free and secure
  • Faster processing and quicker refunds.
  • Value added services like viewing Form 26AS,  tracking of refunds,email, SMS alerts regarding status of processing and refunds.
  • And now it is also compulsory for most.

 

Is E-filing of Income tax Return compulsory?

  • E-Filing Returns is  compulsory for:
    Individuals earning over Rs 5 lakh a year. They are required to file their tax returns in the electronic format from AY 2013-14 (FY 2012-13) and subsequent assessment years.
  • Individual/HUF, having total Income of Rupees 10 lakhs. It was made mandatory from AY 2012-2013((FY 2011-12) and subsequent assessment years.
  • Individual/HUF /Firm auditable under section 44B of the IT Act, 1961. It was made mandatory for AY 2012-2013 and subsequent assessment years.
  • All Companies

 

Difference between AY and FY

Financial Year is period between 1st April to 31st March. Assessment Year is the next year in which the income is liable to tax.

For example, if your financial year is from 1 April 2017 to 31 March 2018, then it is known as FY 2017-18. The assessment year for income earned during this period would begin after the financial year ends–that is on 1 April 2018 till 31 March 2019.

Goods-And-Service-Tax-GST

Basics That Everyone Should Know About GST

With the passage of the GST bill in both the houses of Parliament, its implementation from 1 July 2017 is nearly certain.

India currently has a dual system of taxation of goods and services, which is quite different from dual GST. Taxes on goods are described as “VAT” at both Central and State level. It has adopted value added tax principle with input tax credit mechanism for taxation of goods and services, respectively, with limited cross-levy set-off.

 

GST (Goods and Service Tax)

GST means Goods and Service Tax. It is an indirect tax levied on sale of goods and services. The reformists believe that GST is one of the most awaited law which upon introduced will boost the economic growth in the country. This law if passed by the parliament may come into force from April 2016. As everyone is talking about it now, let’s get into the basics of the proposed law in this article.

 

Does GST apply to you?

Being an indirect tax, it is applicable to businesses, professionals, freelancers and service providers. It does not apply to salaried individuals.

 

Is it easy to implement in India?

Not really. Today states have autonomy in collecting state taxes. They have the feeling of losing their rights! They want liquor, fuel to be out of GST tax system. They are also worried about Central government sharing GST revenue with the states. If India becomes one common market, then the states will have to share their powers of taxing with the union government. (Which means states can’t increase the taxes as and when, as much as they want)

 

What is a “casual taxable person?”

A person who occasionally supplies goods and/or services in a territory where GST is applicable but does not have a fixed place of business in the said state is treated as a casual taxable person. For example, a person who has a place of business in Bangalore gives consulting services in Pune (where he has no place of business), then he would be treated as a casual taxable person in Pune.

 

What are the differences between the UPA’s GST and the NDA’s GST?
Below are the primary differences:

  • Petroleum sector has been kept out of the ambit of GST
  • Liquor for human consumption is exempt however tobacco and tobacco products will fall under GST.
  • There is a 1% tax on top of the GST for inter-state movement of goods and services.

 

What will be the short-term impact of GST?

The GST will fuel inflation for the short term. The GST rate starts at 5% and 18% taxation services such as restaurants, movies etc. are bound to increase prices. Another problem with the GST that many pundits feel is not including liquor and petroleum under GST’s ambit. These are major revenue sources for the government and experts feel this is being done due to a few crony capitalists who need some time to funnel away their black money as the GST promises to widen the tax paying population.

Related : How GST Works in India

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Foreign Direct Investment (FDI)

India has already marked its presence as one of the fastest growing economies of the world. It has been ranked among the top 10 attractive destinations for inbound investments. Since 1991, the regulatory environment in terms of foreign investment has been consistently eased to make it investor-friendly.

The measures taken by the Government are directed to open new sectors for foreign direct investment, increase the sectoral limit of existing sectors and simplifying other conditions of the FDI policy. FDI policy reforms are meant to provide ease of doing business and accelerate the pace of foreign investment in the country.

 

Foreign Direct Investment (FDI)

FDI because the name suggests, it’s associate degree investment directly created by a remote company into business in another country. Such investment may well be either within the kind of business enlargement in another country or may well be a results of acquisition of the corporate.

Direct Foreign investments in India approval were introduced by the then Finance Minister Dr. Manmohan Singh in 1991 under Foreign Exchange Management Act to promote such investments thereby increasing supply of domestic capital & increase the economic growth.

As per Foreign Exchange Management Act, ‘FDI’ means investment by non-resident entity/person resident outside India in the capital of an Indian company under Schedule 1 of Foreign Exchange Management (Transfer or Issue of Security by a Person Resident Outside India) Regulations 2000.

 

Advantages of FDI in India
There are several benefits of increasing foreign direct investment in India. First of all, with more FDI, consumers will be able to save 5 to 10 percent on their expenses because products will be available at much less rates and to top it all, the quality will be better as well. In short, it will be a win-win situation for the buyers. It is also expected that the farmers who face a lot of economic problems will also get better payment for their produce. This is a major benefit considering how many farmers have been giving up their lives lately. It is expected that their earnings will increase by 10 to 30 percent.

FDI is also supposed to have a positive effect on the employment scenario by generating approximately 4 million job opportunities. Areas like logistics will be benefited as well because of FDI and it is assumed that 6 million jobs will be created. The governments – both central and state – will be benefited because of FDI. An addition of 25-30 billion dollars to the national treasury is also expected. This is a substantial amount and can really play a major role in the development of Indian economy in the long term.
Steps Taken by Government to Promote FDI
The Indian Government has taken a number of steps to show its willingness to allow more foreign direct investment in the country. In the infrastructure development sector, it has relaxed the norms pertaining to area restriction, the laws regarding gaining a comfortable exit from a particular project and the requirements relating to minimum capitalization. If companies are ready to commit 30 percent of their investments for affordable housing, then the rules for minimum capitalization and area restriction will be waived off. It is expected that this will benefit the construction sector a lot, especially in the form of greater investment inflow.

The Indian Ministry of Finance has also proposed that 100 percent FDI will be allowed in railways-related infrastructure. However, this does not include the operational aspects. While it is true that the foreign investors will not be allowed to intervene in railway operations, they will be able to provide for high-speed trains, such as bullet train, and enhance the overall network in the process.

 

Who can invest in India?

  • A Non-resident entity means a person resident outside India.
  • Non Resident Indian or Person of Indian Origin (PIO holder) or Overseas Citizen of India (OCI holder).
  • A body corporate means a company incorporated outside India.
  • Foreign Institutional Investor (FII) means an entity established or incorporated outside India which proposes to make investment in India and which is registered as a FII in accordance with the Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) (Foreign Institutional Investor) Regulations 1995..
  • Foreign Venture Capital Investor (FVCI) means an investor incorporated and established outside India, which is registered under the Securities and Exchange Board of India.
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Direct Indirect Tax Difference

A tax is a financial charge or other levy imposed upon a taxpayer (an individual or legal entity) by a state or administrative division. Failure to pay tax is punishable by law.Tax is not a voluntary payment or donation.It is a contribution imposed by government, state or administrative division to enable them to meet the expenses.

So if anybody earns an income, he should share a portion of the same with the government. In India, taxes are divided in Direct Indirect Tax.

 

The way in which taxes are imposed, decides whether the tax is direct or indirect.

If a tax is levied directly on a person income then they are called direct taxes

Whereas the indirect taxes are levied on a product or a service the incidence of which is borne by the consumers who ultimately consume the product or the service.

 

For example I earn Rs. 12 Lac as salary. Suppose I need to pay Rs. 8000 as income tax on this salary income. Since the income tax of Rs. 8000 is directly levied on my salary income hence income tax is direct taxes.

Suppose in second case, I paid Rs. 950 (Rs. 900 basic amount + Rs. 50 as service tax) as my mobile bill to Airtel. Airtel will retain Rs. 900 and pay the Service tax Rs. 50 to the government.

 

Difference between Direct Tax and Indirect Tax:
There are different implications of direct and indirect taxes on the country. However, both types of taxes are important for the government as taxes include the major part of revenue for the government.

 

Key differences between Direct and Indirect Tax are:

  • Direct tax is levied and paid for by individuals, Hindu undivided Families (HUF), firms, companies etc. whereas indirect tax is ultimately paid for by the end-consumer of goods and services.
  • The burden of tax cannot be shifted in case of direct taxes while burden can be shifted for indirect taxes.
  • Lack of administration in collection of direct taxes can make tax evasion possible, while indirect taxes cannot be evaded as the taxes are charged on goods and services.
  • Direct tax can help in reducing inflation, whereas indirect tax may enhance inflation.
  • Direct taxes have better allocative effects than indirect taxes as direct taxes put lesser burden over the collection of amount than indirect taxes, where collection is scattered across parties and consumers’ preferences of goods is distorted from the price variations due to indirect taxes.
  • Direct taxes help in reducing inequalities and are considered to be progressive while indirect taxes enhance inequalities and are considered to be regressive.
  • Indirect taxes involve lesser administrative costs due to convenient and stable collections, while direct taxes have many exemptions and involve higher administrative costs.
  • Indirect taxes are oriented more towards growth as they discourage consumption and help enhance savings. Direct taxes, on the other hand, reduce savings and discourage investments.
  • Indirect taxes have a wider coverage as all members of the society are taxed through the sale of goods and services, while direct taxes are collected only from people in respective tax brackets.
  • Additional indirect taxes levied on harmful commodities such as cigarettes, alcohol etc. dissuades over-consumption, thereby helping the country in a social context.

 

Both direct and indirect taxes are important for the country as they are intricately linked with the overall economy. As such, collection of these taxes is important for the government as well as the well-being of the country. Both direct taxes and indirect taxes are collected by the central and respective state governments according to the type of tax levied.

financial-planning

Financial Planning process

Financial Planning is the process of estimating the capital required and determining it’s competition. It is the process of framing financial policies in relation to procurement, investment and administration of funds of a company.

Capital requirements  will depend upon factors like cost of current and fixed assets, promotional expenses and long- range planning. Capital requirements have to be looked with both aspects: short- term and long- term requirements. The capital structure is the composition of capital, i.e., the relative kind and proportion of capital required in the business. This includes decisions of debt- equity ratio- both short-term and long- term. Framing financial policies with regards to cash control, lending, borrowings, etc. A finance manager ensures that the scarce financial resources are maximally utilized in the best possible manner at least cost in order to get maximum returns on investment.

Financial planning is process of framing objectives, policies, procedures, programmes and budgets regarding the financial activities of a concern. This ensures effective and adequate financial and investment policies.

The importance of Financial planning

  • Adequate funds have to be ensured.
  • Financial Planning helps in ensuring a reasonable balance between outflow and inflow of funds so that stability is maintained.
  • Financial Planning ensures that the suppliers of funds are easily investing in companies which exercise financial planning.
  • Financial Planning helps in making growth and expansion programmes which helps in long-run survival of the company.
  • Financial Planning reduces uncertainties with regards to changing market trends which can be faced easily through enough funds.
  • Financial Planning helps in reducing the uncertainties which can be a hindrance to growth of the company. This helps in ensuring stability an d profitability in concern.

 

The financial planning professional informs the client about the financial planning process, the services the financial planning professional offers, and the financial planning professional’s competencies and experience. The financial planning professional and the client determine whether the services offered by the financial planning professional and his or her competencies meet the needs of the client. The financial planning professional considers his or her skills, knowledge and experience in providing the services requested or likely to be required by the client. The financial planning professional determines if he or she has, and discloses, any conflict of interest. The financial planning professional and the client agree on the services to be provided.

 

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Online Income Tax Payment – Procedure

Income tax payment can be done through online or manually by furnishing the hard copy of the challan at the designated bank. The Government has upgraded itself and introduced e-payment facility for income tax. In this Blog, we look at the procedure for online payment of income tax.

Mandatory Online Payment
Private limited company, one person company and limited company are mandatorily required to pay tax using internet banking facility. Further, taxpayers other than company who are liable to get their accounts audited as per section 44AB are also required to mandatorily pay income tax online.

Online income tax payment is mandatory for all companies and all non-corporate taxpayers covered by audit under section 44AB. However, a person not covered in the mandatory category can voluntarily pay income tax by using the e-payment mode.

Income Taxes That Can be Paid Online

Taxes that can be paid online through internet banking facilities are:

  • Income-tax
  • Corporate tax (i.e., income-tax paid by a company)
  • Tax deducted at source (TDS)
  • Tax collected at source (TCS)
  • Securities Transaction Tax (STT)
  • Wealth-tax and other direct taxes like gift tax, expenditure tax, etc


Online Income Tax Payment Procedure
To make income tax payment online, a net banking enabled account in an authorised bank is required. If the taxpayer does not have a net banking enabled account in his/her name, then payment can be made through some other persons account, but the tax should be paid in the assesses name.

Online Income Tax Payment

Step by Step Guide to Online Tax Payment

  • Visit www.tin-nsdl.com or the online tax e-payment website.
  • Open the respective chalan based on the payment type.
  • After selecting the correct challan, the screen for providing details will be displayed, the taxpayer should provide the correct details in the challan.
  • After providing all the requisite details correctly along with the correct Codes, the taxpayer should select his bank from the dropdown provided in the screen (i.e. the selection of the bank from which he wishes to make the online income tax payment).
  • After selecting the applicable bank, the taxpayer should input the verification Code appearing on the screen.
  • After providing the verification Code the taxpayer should click on the proceed button provided on the screen.
  • On clicking on the proceed button, a new page will be displayed containing the details provided by the taxpayer in the Challan and the name of the taxpayer as per the data base of Income-tax Department will be displayed. The name will be displayed from the PAN/TAN database with the Department.
  • In case of Form 26QB the name of the transferor and transferee will be displayed.
  • If the name and other details as displayed on the screen are correct then the taxpayer can proceed for making payment by clicking on the submit to bank button provided on the screen.
  • On submitting the challan to the bank, the gateway of the bank will be displayed on the screen and the taxpayer has to login to his account and input the details of tax, interest, cess, penalty, etc., to be paid.
  • After providing the details he should verify the details once again to check the correctness and then should submit the challan to bank for effecting payment.
  • On successful completion of the transaction, the challan of payment (i.e., receipt of payment) will be generated and will be displayed on the screen.
  • Challan will contain Challan Identification Number (CIN) and other details. The taxpayer should preserve the hard copy as well as soft copy of the Challan for his records and for further requirements.
  • Challan Status – Online Tax Payment Status Check
    Using the Challan Identification Number, tax payers can track online the status of their challans deposited in banks.