Tag Archives: Point to filling GST Returns

GST Clarification

Some Important Clarifications Regarding Transportation Charges In The GST Regime

Some Important Clarifications Regarding Transportation Charges In The GST Regime

1-    It is always better in the GST regime to declare the freight charges separately in the invoice as now services received from Goods Transport Agency ( GTA ) are attributable to liability of reverse charge at the rate of 5% . On these services the GTA has no liability of payment of taxes but the recipient of such services has to pay the tax at the rate of 5% on the freight charges claimed by the GTA and the recipient of such services can claim ITC of such tax paid if such person subsequently executes taxable supplies .

2-    It is quite clear that ITC can only be claimed in respect of taxable supplies or zero rated supplies . Zero rated supplies means supplies in the course of export or supplies executed to SEZ units or SEZ developers . No ITC is admissible in respect of exempted or nil rated supplies .

3-    It has already been clarified that the recipient of transportation services from GTA will have to issue a payment voucher at the time of payment of freight charges to the GTA and will have to deposit the tax on such charges when such services are received . The format of payment voucher has been envisaged in Rule 52 of the CGST Rules , 2017 ( Exactly the same rule is envisaged in SGST Rules , 2017 ) .

4-    It is pertinent to note that in the payment voucher described above the recipient has to declare the payable tax and not the paid tax which in itself clarifies that at the time of issue of payment voucher to be issued to GTA , the payment of requisite tax in respect of freight charges claimed by the GTA is not the pre-condition of such issuance of payment voucher . The requisite tax in this respect as declared in the payment voucher is to be paid when the services are received .

5-    The services from the GTA can be taken by the supplier as well as the recipient .

  • In case of the supplier taking the services from GTA for transportation of goods,  the G.R. shall be issued in the name of such supplier as consignor and the recipient shall be consignee and freight charges shall be paid by such supplier to the GTA incurring the liability of reverse charge on such freight charges at the rate of 5% .
      1. Such supplier shall mention the aforesaid freight charges  after the value of taxable goods supplied in the invoice issued and charge the requisite tax on amount which shall include the amount of the value of goods and the amount of the freight charges .


      1. Since this supply is the composite supply which includes the supply of taxable goods as well as transportation services ( indicated as freight charges in the invoice issued )  of which the supply of the goods is the principal supply thus the tax shall be charged at the rate which is applicable on the supply of such taxable goods .


      1. The supplier shall be entitled to the input tax credit both in respect of the tax paid regarding inputs pertaining to the goods supplied and the tax paid in respect of freight charges as liability under reverse charge .


    1. There should not be any confusion regarding the claim of ITC in respect of the tax paid on the basis of reverse charge in respect of services taken from the GTA by the aforesaid supplier because such services have been subsequently supplied to the recipient by such supplier by disclosing the freight charges in the invoice issued by him and subjecting this amount to the requisite tax payable on principal supply of goods in such invoice . Thus these input services have been subsequently supplied in the form of composite supply by such supplier and tax invoice has been issued accordingly .
  • In case the services of transportation is taken by the recipient from the GTA  then the G.R. shall be issued of ” Self ” in respect of the recipient and such recipient shall be liable to pay the tax in respect of such transportation charges or freight charges on the reverse charge basis . In such cases the ITC of tax paid on reverse charge basis shall be claimed by the recipient instead of the supplier of such goods .
  • In the GST regime the GTA need not to get itself registered as the services supplied by it have been put in the ambit of section 9(3) i.e. the liability on such services has been envisaged on the reverse charge basis .
  • The Government by issuing Notification No. 5/2017 Dated 19th June , 2017 has clarified that such  persons shall fall in the category of persons exempted from obtaining registration under the Act ( i.e. CGST/SGST Act, 2017 ) who are only engaged in making supplies of taxable goods or services or both , the total tax on which is liable to be paid on reverse charge basis by the recipient of such goods or services or both under sub-section (3) of section 9 of the  aforesaid Act .

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GST returns guide

Step by Step Guide to File GST Return-3B

GSTR-3B filling is under progress and the last date for GSTR-3B filling is 20 August 2017. Please find below the step by step guide on how to file GST Return-3B.

Step by step guide on how to file GST Return-3B
1. After login, select Return Dashboard
2. Select Financial Year 2017-18 and Month July. Click Search and Select GSTR-3B
3. Declare your liabilities and ITC claims in Section 3.1 and 4 respectively by clicking on the tiles and furnishing the required information. Transitional ITC cannot be claimed in GSTR 3B. It can be claimed only through TRANS 1 and TRANS 2.
4. Enter details of interest, if payable, in Section 5.1. Late fee will be computed by the system
5. Click on Save GSTR-3B After you save the data, Submit button will get enabled. Please note that after submit, no modification is possible. Hence ensure that details are filled correctly before clicking on Submit button.
6. On clicking Submit GSTR-3B button, System will post (debit) the self-assessed liabilities including system generated late fee in Liability Register and credit the claimed ITC into ITC ledger.
7. After this the Payment of Tax tile will be enabled, please click it and declare your payment details to pay the taxes and offset the liability.
8. Click CHECK BALANCE button to view the balance available for credit under Integrated Tax, Central Tax, State Tax and Cess. (This includes transitional credit also, if TRAN-1 and 2 are submitted). This will enable you to check the balance before making the payment for the respective minor heads. The balance is also displayed when the mouse is hovered on the applicable data entry field in payment section.
9. Please fill out the section that specifies how you wants to set-off your liabilities using a combination of Cash and ITC.

  1. System checks if you have sufficient Cash/ITC balance.
  2. It also checks if the Reverse charge liabilities are set-off only through CASH.
  3. System also checks if all liabilities are set-off. Part payment is not allowed in GSTR-3B.        Hence, ensure sufficient balance in Cash and ITC Ledger to Offset liability
  4. In case of ITC utilisations, the system checks the prioritization rules viz. IGST Credit has to be first utilised for paying IGST liability and remaining for CGST liability and thereafter SGST liability; SGST credit has to be first used for paying SGST liability and then IGST liability; CGST Credit has to be first used for CGST liability and the remaining for IGST Liability; SGST credit cannot be used for paying CGST liability and CGST credit cannot be used for paying SGST liability
  5. Transition ITC, if available in ITC ledger, can be used for payment of liabilities of GSTR 3B

10. Click the OFFSET LIABILITY button to pay off the liabilities
11. Click on declaration statement
12. Select Authorized Signatory filing the Form
13. Click on File GSTR-3B button with DSC or EVC
14. Message for successful filing will appear and Acknowledgement will get generated

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GST consultant in India

Points to remember for filing GST Returns

The first return of GST is here and is due for filing is 20th of August, 2017.

Points to remember for filing the first GST Return GSTR-3B.

  1.  It is Mandatory to file GSTR-3B and there is no exemption from filing GSTR-3B even if no business is carried in the month of July’2017. NIL GSTR-3B is also to be filed mandatorily.
  2.  GSTR-3B is the provisional return for the month of July’2017. Therefore all dealers who are required to file monthly returns under the GST Regime are required to file GSTR-3B. Composition dealers are required to file quarterly returns therefore dealers who have opted for composition scheme are not required to file GSTR-3B.
  3.  GSTR-3B is not the final return for the month of July’2017 this is only a provisional return. GSTR-1, GSTR-2, GSTR-3 for July’2017 are still required to be filed.
  4.  GSTR-3B cannot be revised. Any revision in the figures for July’2017 has to be done through GSTR-1, 2 and 3 to be filed later on.
  5.  Any taxes due for July’2017 have to be paid before filing GSTR-3B.
  6.  If there is any change in the figures at the time of filing forms GSTR-1,2 & 3 and if there is excess tax payable then the same will have to be paid with interest before filing GSTR-3 due in September.
  7.  If your input credits are more than your output in GSTR-3B then you need not pay any taxes before filing this return. However, it is to be noted that no refund can be claimed in form GSTR-3B and excess credit will be credited to the ITC Ledger.
  8.  The transitional credits available from the previous VAT/Service Tax/Excise regimes will not be available for credit and use in GSTR-3B. Any such credits have to be shown by filing form TRAN-1 and will be available for use only after filing TRAN-1.
  9.  GSTR-3B is a simplified return where only total figures of purchases, sales input tax credits and payments are to be entered. Individual entries for each sale invoice are not to be entered in this return.
  10.  GSTR-3B is to be filed from the period from which the registration is taken by the supplier. Therefore, if you have taken registration in the month of August’2017 the option for filing GSTR-3B for July’2017 will not be available and the no GSTR-3B is to be filed for July’2017.
  11.  GSTR-3B is to be filed through online mode on the GST Portal gst.gov.in
  12.  Following details are to be shown in the return GSTR-3B.
    1. GSTIN number of Registered Person
    2. Legal name of Registered Person
    3. Summary of Outward Supply & Inward Supply under Reverse Charge
    4. Bifurcation of Inter-state outward supplies as follows:
      • a) To unregistered Person
      • b) To Composite taxable Person
      • c) To UIN Holders
    5. Summary of eligible ITC available and the ITC to be reversed and ITC which is ineligible bifurcated into IGST, CGST & SGST/UTSGT and Cess
    6. Summary of Exempted, Nil rated and Non GST inward supplies
      • Interest and late fees payable
    7. Details of payment of tax, which includes Category wise tax payable, ITC availed , TDS credit and Tax paid in cash along with interest and late fees (Though it is not applicable for initial 2 return)
    8. Summary of tax category wise TDS/TCS credit
  13.  Remember the order for set-off eligible ITC. ITC of IGST, CGST and SGST must be set-off from themselves (intra-head) first before being set-off inter-head. Remember that GST and SGST cannot be set-off against each other.
  14.  Any amounts to be paid on reverse charges have also be shown and paid in GSTR-3B also. Please remember that amount payable under reverse charges will not be available to be paid by utilising input credit. Amount payable on reverse charges will have to paid by cash.
  15. GSTR-3B can be submitted through digital signatures or Electronic verification code except for Companies where it has to be filed by digital signatures.

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