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Audit under GST

GST Audits- An overview

Section- 2(13) of the CGST Act defines Audit as the examination of records, returns and other documents maintained or furnished by the registered person under the Act / rules made there under or under any other law for the time being in force to verify the correctness of turnover declared, taxes paid, refund claimed and input tax credit availed, and to assess his compliance with the provisions of the GST Act or the rules made thereunder.

*No audit is required for businesses with turnover less than INR 2 crore.

Types of GST Audit
There are 3 types of GST audits:

  1. Audit to be conducted by a Chartered Accountant or a Cost Accountant: Every taxpayer with revenue exceeding the prescribed limit of INR 2 crore during a financial year shall get his accounts audited by a Chartered Accountant or a Cost Accountant. Such taxpayers whose audit is conducted by a Chartered or Cost Accountant shall submit:
  • An annual return by filling the form GSTR 9B along with the reconciliation statement by 31st December of the next financial year;
  • The audited copy of the annual accounts;
  • A reconciliation statement, reconciling the value of supplies declared in the return with the audited annual financial statement; and
  • Other particulars as prescribed.
  1. Audit to be conducted by the tax authorities: As per Section 65 of the CGST / SGST Act, the Commissioner or any officer of CGST or SGST or UTGST authorized by him by a general or specific order, may conduct audit of any registered / enlisted individual. Intimation of the audit is provided to the taxpayer at least 15 days in advance in Form GST ADT-01 and the audit is to be completed within 3 months from the date of commencement of the audit. In rare cases, the GST Commissioner has the powers to extend the period by another 6 months, if required.
  2. Special Audits: If at any stage of investigation or any other proceedings, tax authority is of the opinion that the value has not been correctly declared or credit availed is not within the normal limits, department may order special audit under the mandate of Section 66, by its nominated Chartered Accountant or Cost Accountant.

The Chartered Accountant or Cost Accountant so nominated shall submit audit report to tax officer within the period of 90 days. This period may be extended further for 90 days by tax officer on application made by registered person or the chartered accountant. The registered person shall be given an opportunity of being heard in respect findings of special audit. The expenses of the audit of records, including the remuneration of such chartered accountant or cost accountant shall be paid by the Commissioner.

Where the special audit conducted results in detection of tax not paid or short paid or erroneously refunded, or input tax credit wrongly availed or utilized, the officer may initiate required action.

Obligations of the Auditee
Auditees shall have following obligations during the course of audit:

  • The taxable person will be required to provide the necessary facility to verify the books of account / other documents as required.
  • The auditee needs to furnish the required information and render assistance for timely completion of the audit.

Findings of the Audit
On conclusion of an audit, the officer shall inform the taxable person within 30 days of:

  • Findings of audit;
  • Their reasons; and
  • The taxable person’s rights and obligations.

Where the audit conducted under sub-section (1) results in detection of tax not paid or short paid or erroneously refunded, or input tax credit wrongly availed or utilized, the proper officer may initiate action under section 73 or section 74.

If you are facing challenges in compliance with GST or require any assistance in GST audits, you may reach us. For any questions regarding this, please click here.

GST adviser in India

Highlights of 29th GST council meeting

The 29th GST Council meeting chaired by Union finance minister Piyush Goyal was held at New Delhi on the 4th August, 2018. The meeting was aimed to address the issues of the Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs).

Key decisions taken by council in the meeting

Incentivizing digital transactions
Federal indirect tax body the GST Council, keeping in mind the end goal of digitalization of the economy, enhancing tax compliance and elevating the collection of tax has decided to incentivize digital payments of tax. The council came up with plan to roll out a pilot project for refunding 20% of GST paid on business-to-consumer transactions through RuPay card, BHIM mobile application, unified Payment Interface (UPI), debit card etc.

To implement this, the IT system has to get ready first. Therefore, government will develop the software in assistance with NPCI to process the cashback. The cashback is subject to a cap of INR 100.

Addressing MSME issues
The Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs)  play a significant role in country’s development, by the volume of revenue & employment it generates. The sector contributes to half of the exports and around 29% of the GDP.

The GST council has decided to form a new panel to examine a series of tax and compliance relief proposals pertaining to MSME and small traders. Panel to be chaired by union minister of state for finance Shiv Pratap Shukla will examine all proposals received so far regarding tax relief including the proposal to give relief to MSMEs with sales up to INR 1.5 crores from the central GST (CGST). This would restore the excise duty exemption available to these businesses in the pre-GST era.

This penal will do in depth study of the issues related to MSMEs and small taxpayers and thereafter will submit their findings and recommendations before GST Council.

No GST rate cut
Owing to lower GST revenues, no decisions were taken on the rate cut or rate rationalization. Also, there was no discussion on the GST return filing form simplification either.

The next meeting of the GST Council will be held on 28-29 September in Goa. For further updates stay tuned here!

For any query on this, reach our GST advisors.

GST consultant in India

FAQ’s on levy of GST on supply of services to the co-operative society

  1. Services provided by the Central Government, State Government, Union territory or local authority to a person other than business entity, is exempted from GST. So, Property Tax, Water Tax, if collected by the RWA/Co-operative Society on behalf of the MCGM from individual flat owners, then GST is not leviable.
  2. Similarly, GST is not leviable on Non-Agricultural Tax, Electricity Charges etc, which are collected under other statutes from individual flat owners. However, if these charges are collected by the Society for generation of electricity by Society’s generator or to provide drinking water facility or any other service, then such charges collected by the society are liable to GST.
  3. Sinking fund, repairs & maintenance fund, car parking charges, Non- occupancy charges or simple interest for late payment, attract GST, as these charges are collected by the RWA/Co-operative Society for supply of services meant for its members.

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GST Returns

Reverse charge mechanism under GST and implications of exemption upto Rs. 5000 per day

Let’s look at the critical provisions of the GST law which have enabled reverse charge mechanism :-

Compulsory Reverse Charge even if the supplier is registered –

Sec 9(3) The Government may, on the recommendations of the Council, by notification, specify categories of supply of goods or services or both, the tax on which shall be paid on reverse charge basis by the recipient of such goods or services or both and all the provisions of this Act shall apply to such recipient as if he is the person liable for paying the tax in relation to the supply of such goods or services or both.

The above section primarily covers services availed from Goods Transport Agency, Lawyer, government, corporate sponsorships, director etc.

Reverse Charge if the supplier is unregistered –

Sec 9(4) The central tax in respect of the supply of taxable goods or services or both by a supplier, who is not registered, to a registered person shall be paid by such person on reverse charge basis as the recipient and all the provisions of this Act shall apply to such recipient as if he is the person liable for paying the tax in relation to the supply of such goods or services or both.

Central Government had come up with an exemption to the small miscellaneous transactions from unregistered persons.

Notification No. 8/2017- Central Tax (Rate) dt 28.06.2017 issued by Central Government has exempted intra-State supplies of goods or services or both received by a registered person from any supplier, who is not registered, from the whole of the central tax leviable thereon under sub-section (4) of section 9 of the Central Goods and Services Tax Act, 2017 (12 of 2017)

The said exemption shall not be applicable where the aggregate value of such supplies of goods or service or both received by a registered person from any or all the suppliers, who is or are not registered, exceeds five thousand rupees in a day.

To sum up, the supply should be intra state supply (within the state) and can be for goods as well as services or both. Moreover the supply should be received by the registered person from an unregistered dealer only and upto a daily limit of Rs. 5000/-


Mr. X  purchased following items from unregistered dealer, all are dated 01.07.2017 as under:

1st bill – From Ram: Stationery = 2000/-
2nd bill – From Shyam: Lunch = 1000/-
3rd bill – From Madhu : Books = 3000/-

In this case, The bills of Mr. X will not get covered under this notification as aggregate value of all supplies exceeds 5000/- on a single date (01.07.2017)

Exemption would have been available if,:

1) Bill dates are different (So that it will come under 5000/- day limit, say bill date of Ram is 02.07.2017)
2) Any of the bills are 1000/- less than the mentioned value(Say Bill of Madhu is Rs 2000/-
3) If the one of the bills in the same of other person (say, one of the bill is in the name of Mr. Y)


Whether these 5000 limit be availed for those cases where compulsory tax is payable in RCM basis as per section 9(3) of CGST act?

Where Compulsory tax is to be paid under the Reverse Charge Mechanism under 9(3) of CGST Act, and as per Notification N0o. 13/2017- Central Tax (Rate) dt 28.06.2017 the benefit of this limit cannot be availed. Reason being these notification cover only cases of 9(4) and not 9(3).

Mr. X purchased following items from unregistered dealer, all are dated 01.07.2017 as under:

1st bill – From Ram: Stationery = 2000/-
2nd bill – From Shyam: Lunch = 1000/-
3rd bill – From Madhu: Goods Transport Agency = 3000/-

In this case, The bills from Mr Ram and Mr Shyam will get covered under this notification as aggregate value of all supplies does not exceed 5000/- on a single date (01.07.2017). For the Third bill from Madhu Reverse charge is payable u/s 9(3) without any exemption threshold.

Whether this daily limit benefits would be available if the goods/services received from persons covered under 9(4) are blocked credits?

The benefit of daily limit would be available. Output Tax under reverse charge would be payable if it crosses the daily limit even though they are covered under blocked credits.

What if the limit crosses 5000 in a day, is GST payable over and above the value or from rupee 1?

If the value of taxable supplies exceeds Rs5000 per day for all suppliers, then GST would be payable on the Total value of the supplies received from unregistered persons.

Is this limit applicable to all supplies?

The limit is applicable to only taxable supply of goods or services or both. Exempt supplies are out of the preview of this notification.

Mr. X purchased following items from unregistered dealer, all are dated 01.07.2017 as under:

1st bill – From Ram: Stationery = 2000/-
2nd bill – From Shyam: Hotel Room = 1000/-
3rd bill – From Madhu: Books = 3000/-

In this case, the bills of Mr. X will not get covered under this notification as aggregate value of all supplies does not exceed 5000/- on a single date (01.07.2017) as the supplies from Shyam for Hotel room booking are exempt under Entry 14 of the exemption notification (12/2017).
What if the supplies are procured from Interstate supply from unregistered?

Benefit of this notification is available only for Intra State Purchase. If any transactions are done on an interstate basis the same are covered under the forward charge and in any case the reverse charge provisions are not applicable.

Goods and services both inclusive 5000 or separate?

Yes, the benefit is inclusive for all goods or services or both.

What rate GST should be payable then?

GST should be payable as per the schedules rate of the product/service.

What if procured from Composition persons?

Since Composition persons are registered person, reverse charge is not applicable on such supplies.

Can credit be availed for these taxes paid and on what basis, any invoice issue requirement?

Credits can be availed on payment of GST in cash. A consolidated monthly tax invoice can be raised if supplies are received from a single vendor. The Invoice shall be raised on the date of receipt of goods or services or both. Also a payment voucher needs to be issued on the date of making any advance payment as the time of supply is invoice of payment whichever is earlier.

We have compiled the daily expenses which would be liable to GST if procured from unregistered supplier as below:-

Nature of Expenses GST Rate GST IMPACT/ OTHER REMARKS /Supplies from UR (RCM Applicable)


1 Electricity Charges 0% Out of GST

2 Water Charges 0% Out of GST

3 Bank Interest 0% Out of GST

4 Professional Tax 0% Tax levied by local body / other association out of GST

5 License renewal like Pollution, Factories & Boilers & Local Bodies 0% Tax levied by local body / other association out of GST

6 Building or Property Tax 0% Tax levied by local body / other association out of GST

7 Rent Deposits 0% If adjusted with rent or forfeited – GST applicable

8 Other Deposits 0% If adjusted with other expenses or forfeited – GST applicable

9 Petrol Expense 0% Petrol & Diesel out of GST

10 Salary 0% Out of GST

11 Staff Amenities 0% Out of GST if in lieu of salary.

12 Gifts to Staff 0% Gifts by employer of value above Rs. 50000/- shall be liable to GST as outward supply.

13 Staff Mediclaim Contribution 0% Out of GST if in lieu of salary

14 Allowance & incentive to employees 0% Out of GST if in lieu of salary

15 Stamp & Registration Fees 0% If only a pure agent service – ensure GL balance Nil

16 Provision for Doubtful Debts 0% No credit / deduction shall be allowed

17 Bad Debts Written Off 0% No credit / deduction shall be allowed

18 Warranty Labour Charges 0% If there is no supply element & no consideration

19 Donation 0% If there is no supply element & no consideration

20 Labour Welfare Fund Contribution 0% Out of GST

21 Staff Medical Expenses 0% Employee service without any margin

22 Fine & Penalties by Government 0% Out of GST

23 Discounts – shown in bill 0% GST applicable is after all discount
– if shown in the bill

24 Free Gifts, Gold Coin to Customers 0%

25 Interest on Service Tax/ TDS 0%

26 Interest on Vehicle Loan 0%

27 Interest Others 0%

28 Local Conveyance 0%

29 Transportation Charges – Non GTA / Trucks 0%

GST Applicable & No ITC :-

28 Food Expense 12% / No ITC

29 Travel claims – Radio Taxi (Rent-a-cab) 5% No ITC

30 Transportation Charges – GTA 5% No ITC

31 Club & Membership fees 18% No ITC

32 Life Insurance Exps for Employees 18% No ITC

33 Work Contract Services – Construction of Building 18% No ITC if not supplied for outward works contract services

GST Applicable / RCM supply of URD :-

34 Advertisement Charges 18%

35 Advertisement in Magazine, 18%

36 Advertisement in Media 18%

37 Discounts – after issue of invoice (Post supply discount) GST Impact Credit note has to be issued, liability will be reduced to extent of GST on discount.

38 Annual Maintenance Charges 18%

39 Bank Charges – Service charges recovered 18%

40 Broker Fee & Charges 18%

41 Call Centre Expense 18%

42 Customer Schemes by MSIL 18%

43 Construction Work 18% GST amount – no ITC – for immovable property (Building)

44 Consumables Paint material & Other Consumables 28%

45 Customer Welfare expense 18% Food charges – No ITC

46 Contract Labour Expense 18%

47 Extended Warranty Cancellation Charges 18%

48 Free Service Camp Expense 18% If any third party bill comes

49 House Keeping Charges 18%

50 Insurance Charges 18%

51 Legal charges to advocate 18% Advocate raise bill without GST component – RCM to us

52 Loading & unloading Charges 18%

53 Local Conveyance 5% / 12%

54 Mediclaim Policy Premium Contribution A/ c 18%

55 Mobile Allowance 18% Pure Agent Service / If margin then GST applicable

56 Other Training Expense 18%

57 Postage and Courier Charges 18% Subject to certain exemptions

58 Printing & Stationery(Flex Printing, Broad Printing, Notice Printing) 18%

59 Rates and Taxes Actuals Depends on case to case basis

60 Recruitment Expenses 18%

61 Rent Paid 18%

62 Rent Paid for Mess (Employees) 18%

63 Repair and Maintenance – Building / Electrical / P& M / Others 18%

64 RTO Expenses 18% or 28%

65 Sales Promotion – Others / SSI / Display 18%

66 Sponsorship services 18% Reverse Charge to Service Receiver – ITC can be availed

67 Security Charges 18%

68 Staff Recruitment 18%

69 Staff Training Expenses 18%

70 Staff Uniform Expenses 18% If a third party bill comes

71 Stationery Expenses 18%

72 Subscription & periodicals 18%

73 Telephone Charges 18%

74 Transportation Charges – GTA 5%

75 Travelling Expenses Interstate 5%/18% Services from Tour operators / Agencies

76 Travelling Expenses International 28%

Note: The above expense heads are for illustrative purpose only. The applicability of GST on a particular expense has to be checked on case to case basis.

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GST consultant in India

Points to remember for filing GST Returns

The first return of GST is here and is due for filing is 20th of August, 2017.

Points to remember for filing the first GST Return GSTR-3B.

  1.  It is Mandatory to file GSTR-3B and there is no exemption from filing GSTR-3B even if no business is carried in the month of July’2017. NIL GSTR-3B is also to be filed mandatorily.
  2.  GSTR-3B is the provisional return for the month of July’2017. Therefore all dealers who are required to file monthly returns under the GST Regime are required to file GSTR-3B. Composition dealers are required to file quarterly returns therefore dealers who have opted for composition scheme are not required to file GSTR-3B.
  3.  GSTR-3B is not the final return for the month of July’2017 this is only a provisional return. GSTR-1, GSTR-2, GSTR-3 for July’2017 are still required to be filed.
  4.  GSTR-3B cannot be revised. Any revision in the figures for July’2017 has to be done through GSTR-1, 2 and 3 to be filed later on.
  5.  Any taxes due for July’2017 have to be paid before filing GSTR-3B.
  6.  If there is any change in the figures at the time of filing forms GSTR-1,2 & 3 and if there is excess tax payable then the same will have to be paid with interest before filing GSTR-3 due in September.
  7.  If your input credits are more than your output in GSTR-3B then you need not pay any taxes before filing this return. However, it is to be noted that no refund can be claimed in form GSTR-3B and excess credit will be credited to the ITC Ledger.
  8.  The transitional credits available from the previous VAT/Service Tax/Excise regimes will not be available for credit and use in GSTR-3B. Any such credits have to be shown by filing form TRAN-1 and will be available for use only after filing TRAN-1.
  9.  GSTR-3B is a simplified return where only total figures of purchases, sales input tax credits and payments are to be entered. Individual entries for each sale invoice are not to be entered in this return.
  10.  GSTR-3B is to be filed from the period from which the registration is taken by the supplier. Therefore, if you have taken registration in the month of August’2017 the option for filing GSTR-3B for July’2017 will not be available and the no GSTR-3B is to be filed for July’2017.
  11.  GSTR-3B is to be filed through online mode on the GST Portal gst.gov.in
  12.  Following details are to be shown in the return GSTR-3B.
    1. GSTIN number of Registered Person
    2. Legal name of Registered Person
    3. Summary of Outward Supply & Inward Supply under Reverse Charge
    4. Bifurcation of Inter-state outward supplies as follows:
      • a) To unregistered Person
      • b) To Composite taxable Person
      • c) To UIN Holders
    5. Summary of eligible ITC available and the ITC to be reversed and ITC which is ineligible bifurcated into IGST, CGST & SGST/UTSGT and Cess
    6. Summary of Exempted, Nil rated and Non GST inward supplies
      • Interest and late fees payable
    7. Details of payment of tax, which includes Category wise tax payable, ITC availed , TDS credit and Tax paid in cash along with interest and late fees (Though it is not applicable for initial 2 return)
    8. Summary of tax category wise TDS/TCS credit
  13.  Remember the order for set-off eligible ITC. ITC of IGST, CGST and SGST must be set-off from themselves (intra-head) first before being set-off inter-head. Remember that GST and SGST cannot be set-off against each other.
  14.  Any amounts to be paid on reverse charges have also be shown and paid in GSTR-3B also. Please remember that amount payable under reverse charges will not be available to be paid by utilising input credit. Amount payable on reverse charges will have to paid by cash.
  15. GSTR-3B can be submitted through digital signatures or Electronic verification code except for Companies where it has to be filed by digital signatures.

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