Tag Archives: Doing Business in India

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Doing Business in India

Doing business in India offers enormous opportunities for Foreign companies. However, India is a large and complex market. It should not be seen as one market, but a series of interconnected regional markets where the legislative and investment climate may change from one state to another.

It is wiser to be in India now…

  • Fastest growing economy in the world
    (Current: 7% , by 2018: 7.8%)
  • World’s third largest economy
    (Would double in size to US$ 4–5 trillion in a decade)
  • Taxes on companies has been reduced to 25%
    (For companies with annual turnover less than 50 Crores)
  • World’s second-largest telecommunication market
    (1058.86 million subscribers)
  • By 2020, retail market is expected to grow to US$ 1.1 trillion
    (growing at a high rate of 20%-25% p.a.)
  • World’s sixth largest pharmaceutical market by 2020
  • By 2050, India will have added 300 million people
  • Working age group will be more than 64% by 2021
    (15-59 years)
  • Growing urban markets
    (23.1 Million people shifting from rural to urban areas in two decades)
  • Low labour costs
    (Total labour force of nearly 530 million)
  • Purchasing power parity, India’s economy is third largest in the world
    (Current-$ 8.7 trillion, by 2025-$ 20 trillion )

 

Foreign Direct Investment into India

 

Automatic Route

  • All sectors other than sectors which are specifically prohibited or under approval route
  • Should comply with sector based investment and other conditions (i.e. sectoral caps)

 

Approval Route

 

100% FDI through Government approval route

  • Extraction of titanium
  • Publishing of scientific & technical magazines/specialty journals/ facsimile
  • Edition of foreign newspapers
  • Satellites (establishment & operation)
  • Pharmaceuticals (Brownfield)

100% FDI: Government approval required beyond 49%

  • Telecom Services
  • Broadcasting Carriage Services
  • Single Brand product retail trading

100% FDI: Government approval required beyond 74%

  • Existing projects of Airport

49% FDI : No Government approval required

  • Infrastructure Company in the Securities Market
  • Insurance
  • Pension Sector
  • Power Exchanges
  • Defense
  • Air Transport Services (Scheduled): 100% for NRI

49% FDI through Government approval route

  •  Broadcasting Content Services (except Up-linking & Down-linking
    of Non-‘News & Current Affairs’ TV Channels)
  •  Private Security Agencies

FDI limits less than 100%

  •  Banking (Private Sector): 74% FDI is allowed. However,
    Government approval is required beyond 49%
  •  Banking (Public Sector): 20% FDI is allowed with Government
    approval
  •  Multi Brand product retail trading: 51% FDI is allowed with
    Government approval
  •  Print Media: 26% FDI is allowed with Government approval

 

 

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Why One Should Do Business In India

Reserve Bank of India recently painted quite a gloomy picture for the Indian economy and rating house Moody’s too pointed out how corruption and scams are hampering the country’s business environment.

According to research firm Dun and Bradstreet, India will become a $5.6 trillion economy by 2020. The firm has also predicted a three-fold jump in the country’s gross domestic product, from $1.7 trillion last fiscal, on the back of rapid investment and growing consumer expenditure.

1. India’s GDP is on a roll
India’s gross domestic product is reaching new heights every year. India is now the 10th biggest economy in the world.

2. India’s trade is growing steadily
India’s imports are increasing more than 25 per cent year on year (since 1960). Even if 2009 saw a small fall-back due to global recession, in 2010 imports were however again growing at 32.2 per cent (August, 2010 — year on year growth) and reached over $140 billion (2010).

3. India’s FDI is on the rise
India’s foreign direct investment has been increasing significantly since the past five years.
There are three major countries that are known to be the biggest foreign direct investors in India. Topping the list of India’s foreign direct investment ranking is the small island nation called Mauritius.
This country is located very close to India and enjoys very small tax rate.
This is the reason why many companies set up their businesses there or invest in the existing organisations.
The tax levied is no more than 3 per cent.
In the second place is Singapore, which invests funds in almost the same sectors as the United States, though Singaporeans are also interested in the transportation sector.
Coming in at third place is the United States, which bring in more than $15 billion into the country.

4. India is turning into an industrialised economy

India is moving from being an agriculture based economy to an industrialised and service focused economy similar to the US, Europe and other industrialised countries.
India is now the world’s biggest manufacturer of small cars.
India is ranked 12th in the world in terms of nominal factory output.
The Indian industrial sector underwent significant changes as a result of the economic reforms of 1991.

5. India’s population keeps on growing
In terms of population, India is the second largest country in the world.
By 2025, India will be the biggest country in terms of population.
Western markets like the European Union and the United States are set to benefit from a 1.15 plus billion population in India.
The population will continue to grow also in terms of disposable income and consumption of Western products.

6. There are 771 million mobile phone subscribers in India
More than half the population owns a mobile phone in India now.
India is the world’s fastest growing wireless market, with 771 million mobile phone subscribers as of February 2011.
It is also the second largest telecommunication network in the world in terms of number of wireless connections after China.

7.Wireless technology to boost India’s Internet access
Wireless Internet is going to massively increase the access of hundred of millions of Indians across the subcontinent.
A new era awaits the country’s 584 million mobile phone users, with a faster and more robust Internet, and better access to data services including e-commerce, social networking and telemedicine.
Also ready are mobile device manufacturers with a slew of 3G handsets; providers of hosting, billing and network management services with expanded offerings; and content providers selling cell phone ring tones, wallpapers and graphics.

8. India’s GNI per capita is growing
Gross National Income per capita in India in terms of purchasing power parity is increasing.
In less than 10 years, the GNI per capita doubled (from $1,560 in 2000 to $3,250 in 2009).
This means Indian consumers can now afford double as much goods and services as just 10 years back.

9. Doing business in India is getting easier
India is among the top 40 nations to have carried out the highest number of business regulation reforms in the last five years, most of these related to introduction of technology to ease business operations.
Nowadays, in just 30 days one can have one’s business up and running. Doingbusiness in India is getting easier and investor friendlier year-on-year.

10. India & China: New Economic Gravity by 2050
Andreas De Rosi mentions in his article a research paper of Danny Quah, from the London School of Economics.
Quah wrote that the world’s economic centre of gravity is projected by 2050 to locate, literally, between India and China.
Observed from the Earth’s surface, that economic centre of gravity will shift away from its 1980 location a distance of 9,300 km or 1.5 times the radius of the planet.
So doing business in India is a must for companies with a long-term view.
India will sooner or later come back to the time when it was the biggest economy in the world.
Great news for Indians, indeed!