Financial statements of a company are necessarily required to be filed with Ministry of Corporate Affairs (MCA) annually. The form for filing such financial statements with MCA is AOC – 4. All the companies fall under this category and are compulsorily required to file form AOC – 4. However, few Companies are covered under Extensible Business Reporting Language (XBRL) and are required to upload the financial statements on MCA portal in XBRL format as per the Companies (Filing of documents & Forms in Extensible Business Reporting Language) Rules, 2015. In this case the requirement of signing under hand is not … Read more
Developed by XBRL International Inc. (XII), XBRL is defined in Rule 2 of Companies (Filing of documents and forms in XBRL) Rules, 2015 as a standardized language for communication in electronic form to express, report or file financial information by the companies under the Act. It is a language for communicating electronically, financial and business data for business reporting. It has facilitated the process of creating, transmitting, using or analyzing such information.
Companies filing financial statements in AOC-4
With reference to Companies (Filing of documents and forms in XBRL) Rules, 2015 following companies are required to file their financial statements … Read more
When a company procures its own outstanding shares i.e. quantum of stock in the open market along with shares held by institutional investors and restricted shares held by insiders and company officers, to reduce the number of shares available for General Public.
Reasons for buy back
Buy back of shares is undertaken for numerous reasons, like to strengthen the value of remaining shares available by cutting the supply or preventing other stakeholders from taking a controlling share. Few reasons for companies buying back their shares are discussed as follows:
- Preserving stock price: Company operates with the intention of
Non Resident Indians (“NRI”) are often faced with the situation of maintaining an Indian rupee account. Primarily, there can be two reasons for opening such account: NRI wants to repatriate overseas earned money and / or NRI wants to keep India based earnings in India such as rent, dividend income, etc. There are two options available with NRI interested in opening bank account in India – Non Resident Rupee Account (“NRE”) or Non Resident Ordinary Rupee account (“NRO”).
Similarities between NRE and NRO accounts:
Both accounts can be opened as savings, fixed or recurring deposit account, current accounts. One needs … Read more
What is value of currency for an economy?
An economy is often represented by the people who live there and the value its currency has, further the value of a currency depends on factors that affect the economy like imports and exports, performance of equity markets, foreign exchange reserves, macroeconomic policies, inflation, employment, interest rates, growth rate, trade deficit, foreign investment inflows, banking capital, commodity prices and geopolitical conditions. Currencies are often influenced by income levels through consumer splurge. When income increases, people tend to expend more. Demand for imported goods increases demand for foreign currencies, thus, weakening the local … Read more
The Central Government of India decided to conduct KYC drive to bring down the shell companies. Ministry would be conducting KYC of all the directors of the companies as a part of updating its registry.
MCA (Ministry of Corporate Affairs) has amended and inserted a new rule, Rule 12A (Directors KYC) vide the Companies (Appointment and Qualification of Director) Rules, Fourth Amendment Rules, 2018 . The rule came into effect on July 10, 2018.
With an “Ease of doing business”, starting a business in India is way easy, but running it in this competitive world is complex. In such complex environment maintaining data, records and managing compliances is the biggest task that every company have to deal with.
What are Periodic and Routine Compliances?
Generally, compliance means keeping up with the set rules, policies, law or standard. Periodic means timely or on a regular interval, like monthly, quarterly and so on. Thus, periodic compliances mainly refers to recording, maintaining, filing or submitting the necessary documents and informative data timely or in … Read more
In the Constitution of India, as per Income Tax Act 1961, Central Government has the power to levy tax on any income other than agricultural income. The government imposes a tax on taxable income of all persons who are individuals, Hindu Undivided Families (HUF’s), companies, firms, LLP, association of persons, body of individuals, local authority and any other artificial juridical person. Levy of tax on a person depends upon his residential status.
For tax purposes under Indian income tax law, an Individual can be: Resident or Non-Resident. Further the Resident category is classified into two parts i.e. Ordinary Resident and … Read more
The Indian Banks Association (IBA) has requested the Department of Telecommunications (DoT) to provide relief measures for telecom companies undergoing debt restructuring. This includes refunding payments related to airwaves surrendered by the telecom companies as well as cancellation of future deferred payments for this spectrum.
In the letter submitted to the DoT, IBA said “This money will be used for repaying the banks which in turn prevent loans from turning into NPA (non-performing asset)”. “We understand the government had allowed a similar facility to BSNL and MTNL in the past” it further added.
IBA has also requested speeding up of … Read more
The Cryptocurrency and the Blockchain
Bitcoin (“BTC”) is the beginning of something great: a currency without a government, something necessary and imperative.
What is a Bitcoin?
Bitcoin is a worldwide cryptocurrency and digital payment system called the first decentralized digital currency. It is a form of virtual currency which was invented by an unknown programmer or a group of programmers, under a mysterious name Satoshi Nakamoto and released as opensource software in January 2009.
It is a digital currency that is not backed by any country’s central bank or government. This means that it is decentralised and has no central … Read more
A payroll is a financial record of salaries paid to an employee as wages, bonus or deduction. It is given for the work done during a particular period of time.
Payroll processing involves tedious routine work. Outsourcing this process allows you to focus on growing your business. Save cost, focus on core tasks and enable growth without manpower and infrastructure restrictions. We offer highly efficient payroll services. Partnering with us reduces costs and increases profits. We offer a convenient and reliable payroll process. Payroll is one of the most important responsibilities of the employer and his company. Our company … Read more
Doing business in India offers enormous opportunities for Foreign companies. However, India is a large and complex market. It should not be seen as one market, but a series of interconnected regional markets where the legislative and investment climate may change from one state to another.
It is wiser to be in India now…
- Fastest growing economy in the world
(Current: 7% , by 2018: 7.8%)
- World’s third largest economy
(Would double in size to US$ 4–5 trillion in a decade)
- Taxes on companies has been reduced to 25%
(For companies with annual turnover less than 50 Crores)
- World’s second-largest
Finance minister Arun Jaitley presented the Union Budget 2017 in Parliament on Wednesday. The biggest highlight in the 2017 budget was the slashing of income tax by half for individual tax payers, ban on cash transactions over Rs. 3 lakhs and reduction in holding period to 2 years for capital gains. In this article, we look at the highlights of the 2017 Budget with respect to an Entrepreneur or Business Owner in India.
The Internet Domain Names have now become much more than mere representing the websites of different companies on the Internet. Today, in this age of well-developed information technology and worldwide businesses through Internet, these domain names have attained the status of being business identifiers and promoters. Since the commercial activities on the Internet are to go on increasing day by day, the importance and usefulness of domain names too, are to be enhanced for the purposes of greater publicity, popularity, and profitability of businesses in all economic sectors. According to Bill Gates, the founder of Microsoft, “Domains have and will … Read more
Payroll processing consist of calculation of payments to employees for their work in the company – whether it is based on time or productivity, calculation of benefits, and statutory deductions. Payroll needs to be processed by each company periodically. It may be processed weekly, bimonthly, monthly or daily .
Payroll calculation is a complicated process that varies from company to company. Each company may have its own payroll structure consisting of various payroll components that may be unique to that company only. In addition, many location specific laws such as labor welfare act, Payment of salary and wages act, and … Read more
There are many reasons to have an up-to-date business valuation. You may need debt or equity financing for expansion or due to cash flow problems. Potential financiers or investors will want to see that the business has sufficient worth. You may be adding shareholders (or one or more shareholders may wish a buyout). In this case, share value will need to be determined.
How much your business is worth depends on many factors, from the current state of the economy through your business’s balance sheet. If for example, similar businesses in your area have recently sold, the value of … Read more
Financial statements represent a formal record of the financial activities of an entity. These are written reports that quantify the financial strength, performance and liquidity of a company. Financial statements reflect the financial effects of business transactions and events on the company.
Statement of financial position, also known as the Balance Sheet, presents the financial position of an entity at a given date. It is comprised of the following
- Assets: Something a business owns or controls (e.g. cash, inventory, plant and machinery, etc)
- Liabilities: Something a business owes to someone (e.g. creditors, bank loans, etc)
Financial Planning is the process of estimating the capital required and determining it’s competition. It is the process of framing financial policies in relation to procurement, investment and administration of funds of a company.
Capital requirements will depend upon factors like cost of current and fixed assets, promotional expenses and long- range planning. Capital requirements have to be looked with both aspects: short- term and long- term requirements. The capital structure is the composition of capital, i.e., the relative kind and proportion of capital required in the business. This includes decisions of debt- equity ratio- both short-term and long- term. … Read more
When an outsider looks for startup business, the first thing they notice is the trademark. A trademark is the identity of a business lies. It is the name and symbol under which a business undertakes its trade and commerce, which represents the company.
In India, trademarks are regulated by the Trade Marks Act of 1999. The Act aims to provide registration and better protection towards trademarks while preventing the use of fraudulent marks.
How to Choose a “Good” Trademark?
- The mark(s) should be easy to remember.
- It should be short and easy to spell and write.
- It may
Running your own business is often hard work, specially till you manage to build momentum and getting things moving smooth.
If you’re ambitious for your business, you won’t want to hang about. So here are nine growth strategies to help you get the most from your time and effort as a business owner or as an entrepreneur.
Before you give in to frustration, here is some advice that can help you to grow your small business successfully.
1. Patience Is Necessary
You’ll need to be patient. Contrary to what you see and hear, there is no such thing as a … Read more